The Bounding Line

The Academic Portfolio of Christopher Martiniano (christophermartiniano@gmail.com). Scroll down to see.


Eighteenth-Century Literature+Art History  |  Creativity Studies  |  Digital Humanities

At the Morgan Library and Museum researching Blake's America A Prophecy and The First Book of Urizen. My technique of turning a manuscript sideways or upside-down to read it helps me to see it fresh. It's a technique I learned while working at The Metro Times in Detroit and that I also encourage with my students. I call the technique "to make strange" with an object.

_Hello, World. My name is Christopher Martiniano. "My Business is to Create."

Currently, I am an assistant professor at Loyola University Chicago (SCPS) and a PhD candidate of the Departments of English and History of Art at Indiana University/Bloomington. I received my MA as well as my BA (triple major: English, Philosophy, and Studio Art) at DePaul University Chicago. Besides teaching English at IU and creativity studies at Columbia College Chicago, I currently teach Communication theory, Media Studies, English Lit, Creativity, and University Core courses at Loyola. As you can surmise from my site's design, William Blake is a pivotal figure for me. His work represents a locus for my research and teaching interests in aesthetic theory/philosophy, poetry, art, media, and music. Northrop Frye, in fact, states of Blake's work that it is actually an "entanglement" of all the arts. From my engagement with Blake and eighteenth-century literature, visual art, media, and thought, I am better able to untangle aesthetic problems of other periods including our own.


My choice of these particular images from Blake's poem, America A Prophecy (1793) and the way this site is designed (parallax) to 'compare' each image is to show that much of my work in the library and my multimodal classroom is textual, material, and dynamic. Classroom dynamism is integral to my method because it allows students to develop their own way of thinking about and applying the materials. In a recent, 2017 course evaluation, a student stated, "[Chris] is an excellent educator, not only to help us understand ourselves, [he] have given us the tools needed to dig deeper within, to find the reasons why we think the way we think, why we do what we do." Whether I am analyzing Blake's work or manuscripts of Christopher Smart, Isaac Newton, or 12c illuminated bibles, I  compare primary sources when I can. Additionally, I apply innovative methods of digital humanities to not only aid my research but to find creative, innovative ways to present it to colleagues and to students.  I also incorporate new, digital media into my classroom whenever possible to make the learning experience as dynamic and flexible for different learning types.


My primary research explores Blake's dynamic, picto/poetic art in relation to contemporary eighteenth-century creativity and theories of imagination. I have argued that Blake's "bounding line," the principle of his “golden rule of art as well as of life,” is a synecdoche for his idea of creativity, imagination, and divine vision. Besides identifying the bounding line’s operations in his poetry and art, I also juxtapose Blake’s rule for the line of imagination, that it be “distinct, sharp, and wirey” with other explorations of creativity and imagination by eighteenth-century figures like Immanuel Kant, Johann Sebastian Bach, Alexander Pope, G.W. Leibniz, Christopher Smart, and Sir Isaac Newton. These various explorations of imagination and creativity during the eighteenth-century, I find, often contrast sharply with our own and motivate my research in current creative studies and the teaching of creativity.


As you scroll through my site, you'll see that some images are variously colored and some versions have edited text. The first question I generally pose at the outset of analysis like this, comparing alternate manuscripts for example, is how do the various states of execution (color, edits, deletions, etc.) change the way we read the text? Although my research is largely driven by digital methods of research, visualization, and presentation, it is also very traditional in its reliance on close reading, formal analysis, theory, and historical context. But to further my skills and theoretical inquiry into new media, I recently began an MA in Digital Humanities at The Center for Textual Studies and Digital Humanities, Loyola University Chicago.


I am mightily indebted to my students, my teachers, and my mentors over the years. They include Professors Jonathan Gross (Depaul U), Paula McQuade (DePaul U), W.J.T. Mitchell (U Chicago), Jonathan Elmer (IU), and my amazing committee of advisors at Indiana University: Professors Mary Favret (English), Nicholas Williams (English), Jesse Molesworth (English), and Diane Reilly (History of Art). And I would be remiss if I didn't mention the invaluable efforts of Bev Hankins (IU) for keeping me on track throughout the entire process. I am also grateful to Associate Dean Jeanne Widen of Loyola for making me a better teacher, mentor, and colleague.


Scroll down to view my education, teaching positions, a list of select conference presentations/publications, and #alt-ac/service. Along the left margin are passages from various articles as well as verbatims from student evaluations. Also, simply click here for a printable PDF of my CV. Feel free to contact me at christophermartiniano@gmail.com.

Continue to scroll down to see my education


Eighteenth-Century Literature+Art History  |  Creativity Studies  |  Digital Humanities

I developed this teaching exercise for my students to think about story telling and particular, the storymaking of digital narratives. I give each student group eight to ten “Pulcinella” drawings by Tiepolo. Like a storyboard, each group then creates an order for the images and constructs a narrative. They also caption each drawing according to their narrative (144 character limit). The main outcomes for this assignment are recognizing patterns, connections, and developing narratives from disparate content.

“As the declared principle of the 'golden rule of art, as well as of life,' William Blake’s 'bounding line' guides his philosophy, his spirituality, and the picto-poetic art of his illuminated manuscripts. Ruling this eighteenth-century artist-poet’s thought and execution, the bounding line figures itself simultaneously as a mark, a movement, an attitude and an energy.”


--From my article “In the Forests of the Night”:

Eighteenth-Century Imagination, Creativity, and

William Blake’s Bounding Line “Gath’ring Thick”


PhD (ABD) Indiana University/Bloomington
Dept. of English, Dept. of the History of Art (PhD Minor)

Eighteenth-Century English Literature and European Art History (Projected Dissertation Defense: 2018)


MA Loyola University Chicago

Center for Textual Studies and Digital Humanities

(Began 2014/15 - part time graduate student)


MA DePaul University Chicago

Dept. of English (2009 with Honors: 3.92 GPA)


BA DePaul University Chicago

(Triple major) Dept. of English, Philosophy Dept., The Dept. of Art + Media + Design (1995)



_Academic Affiliations

MLA, MLA Commons, MMLA, North American Society for the Study of Romanticism, The American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Newberry Library Renaissance Center, Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations, Sigma Tau Delta (English Honor Society), GSAC (IU Graduate Student Advisory), The Images Forum, Meaning & Mattering, The Center for Theoretical Study in the Humanities, AIGA

Continue to scroll down to see my teaching experience and awards

_Academic Positions Held

Eighteenth-Century Literature+Art History  |  Creativity Studies  |  Digital Humanities

“The professor is fantastic. The best so far. He is very good at [the] subject, helpful, friendly and fun-loving. I loved the class and I will miss it. The best part is that he … stimulated our thinking to write well.”


-w131BW Student Evaluation (IU, 2011)

“He goes the extra mile to help students; Meetings, advice, help with assignments, support, and [he's] a great mentor.”


-Student Nomination for Excellence in Teaching (Loyola, 2015)

“Every single class was so exciting and inspiring. I did learn from him.”


-COMM200 Student Evaluation (Loyola, 2015)

“I appreciate how much thought he gives to the assignments tasked to us - so that we can squeeze every ounce of learning out of this class. I am taking away much more than I expected to, and am grateful for the opportunity to have participated in such an intriguing, thought-provoking class.”


-22-2510 Student Evaluation (Columbia, 2015)

“[Chris] was always available for everyone and did everything in his power to reach out to people. Whenever we would ask for help, he would provide the best support and tell us exactly what we were lacking without giving us the answer. He is a great teacher.”


-UCWR 110 (045) Student Evaluation (Loyola, 2016)

Instructor (adjunct), Loyola University Chicago, Dept. of English, 2015-Present

ENGL271: EXPLORING POETRY (one section, 2018)

UCLR100: INTERPRETING LITERATURE (one section, 2017)

UCWR100: WRITING RESPONSIBLY (6 sections, 2016-2018)

COMM200: COMMUNICATION AND NEW MEDIA (online; two sections, 2016 and 2015)


Instructor > Assistant Professor (upon dissertation defense), Loyola University Chicago, SCPS/School of Comm, 2017-2018

Developed "Applied Inquiry:" an applied, multidisciplinary, and self-directed approach to framing courses at Loyola University Chicago.  Inspired by Loyola's Strategic Plan 2020, Applied Inquiry is an “innovative multidisciplinary approach to creation of knowledge and the discovery of solutions that address societal challenges.” Pedagogically, it is a sustained, project-based, applied learning experience for SCPS students with the global challenges we face today like gender, climate change, racism, crime, etc. framing current courses. Six faculty members are piloting Applied Inquiry within the frame of "Gender" in SP2018 and plan to implement program-wide FA2018. In particular, I am applying "Feminist Ethics of Care" (Carol Gilligan, et al) to Communication Ethics and "Gendered Interfaces" to a history of Web Design and Usability.


COMM215: COMMUNICATION (DIGITAL) ETHICS (online; one section, 2018) – Pilot course for "Applied Inquiry" Initiative, framed by "Feminist Ethics of Care"


COMM275: WEB DESIGN AND USABILITY (A HISTORY) (one section, 2018) – Pilot course for "Applied Inquiry" Initiative, framed by "Gendered Interfaces"

CPST201: PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY + DEVELOPMENT (online; one section, 2017)

COMM 211: PRINCIPLES OF ADVERTISING (online; one section, 2017)

COMM288: DIGITAL PUBLIC RELATIONS (online; one section, 2017)


Instructor (adjunct), Columbia College Chicago, Art+Design Department, 2015-Present

21-2901 SPECIAL TOPICS: NEW MEDIA, CONVERGENCE, & TECHNOGENESIS  (I developed this course for Columbia; one section, 2017)

21-3550 ADVERTISING COMMUNICATION (one section, 2016)

21-3542-01 CREATIVE STRATEGIES II  (two sections, 2016)

22-2510 ADVERTISING INTRO ART DIRECTION/COPYWRITING (co-taught, one section, 2015)


Associate Instructor, Indiana University/Bloomington, Dept. of English, 2010-2013

W231 PROFESSIONAL WRITING (two sections, 2013)

W131BW BASIC COMPOSITION (three sections, 2011-12)

W131 ELEM. COMPOSITION (three sections, 2010-11)


Instructor (adjunct), MacCormac College/Chicago, Dept. of English & Dept. of Philosophy, 2009

ENG1010 COLLEGE COMPOSITION I (two sections, 2009)

ENG1020 COLLEGE COMPOSITION II (two sections, 2009)

PHL2050 INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS, (one section, 2009)


Intern/Teaching Assistant, Indiana University/Bloomington, Dept. of English, 2012-2013

L371 CRITICAL PRACTICES with Nicholas Williams (one section, 31 Students, 2013)

L347 THE NOVEL & THE ENLIGHTENMENT with Jesse Molesworth (one section, 35 Students, 2012)


Guest Lecturer

"Creative Impact." AIGA Chicago Guest Speaker, Loyola University Chicago, 2016

“The Scientization of Creativity: An Art School Responds.” Faculty Forum Columbia College Chicago, 2015

Columbia College Chicago Portfolio Review (Portfolio Center), 2004, 2005, 2006, 2015, 2016



_Teaching Awards

Nominee for Excellence in Teaching + Adult Learning

Loyola University Chicago, School of Continuing and Professional Studies, 2015/16


Nominee for Outstanding Teaching Award

Indiana University, Dept. of English, 2012/13


Recipient of The R.A.W. Teaching Award

(1 of 2 annually), Indiana University, Dept. of English, 2010/11


Nominee for First-Time Instructor Teaching Award

Indiana University, Dept. of English, 2010/11

“I would like to thank him for being an amazing teacher. He really goes above and beyond when it comes to giving us the best experience possible to prepare us for the real world.”


-21-3542 Creative Strategies Student Evaluation (Columbia, 2016)

“Chris Martiniano inspired me to dig deep to find meaning in all things I do.”


-Former Student & Loyola President’s Medallion Recipient (2016)

“[Chris] helped us all discover who we are, what we are working towards, how we want to help others. All of it in such a creative and exciting way that makes everyone

really think!”


-CPST201 Student Evaluation (Loyola, 2017)

Continue to scroll down to see my conference presentations + publications

_Select Conference Presentations + Publication

Eighteenth-Century Literature+Art History  |  Creativity Studies  |  Digital Humanities

Manuscript detail from Christopher Smart's Jubilante Agno (1759-1763) that I am currently working with. MS Eng 719, Houghton Library, Harvard University.

"With the NEA, the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis produced 'the first federal effort to provide in-depth analysis of the...cultural sector's contributions to current-dollar GDP.' It shows that creativity has expanded beyond individual talent to become a process, activity, and a product with an industry to produce and distribute it. Creativity is not only vital, creativity is viable. In fact, creativity is now valued as capital.”


-From my published paper "Scientization of Creativity" (JMMLA 2017)

"John Locke’s impasse between an enlightened world of reason and a dark one of incomprehensibility opens the door to William Blake’s Jerusalem. Its borders between light/dark, waking/sleeping, reason/fancy are endlessly obscured over its 100 plates.”


-From my paper "Sleeping Through the Apocalypse" (MMLA 2016)

Applied Inquiry: Implementing Problem/Project-Based Learning Pedagogy to Address Societal Challenges

Co-presenter with Dr. Amy Jordan and Associate Dean Jeanne Widen. "Learning to Change:" ICCHE-ACHE Great Lakes Joint Conference; 43rd Annual Continuing Higher Education Conference (Chicago, IL), 2018


Applied Inquiry: Implementing Problem/Project-Based Learning Pedagogy to Address Societal Challenges at Loyola University Chicago

Co-presenter with Dr. Amy Jordan and Associate Dean Jeanne Widen. "Focus on Teaching & Learning:" 21st Semiannual Focus on Teaching & Learning Conference at Loyola University Chicago (Chicago, IL), 2018


The Art(s) of #Resistance

Forms of Academic Activism special panel (Also Co-Chair), MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Arts and Activism" (Cincinnati, OH), 2017


The Art + Science of Dissent in the 1790s: William Blake’s Jerusalem Illustrating the Feminine Principle of Life

Illustrated Texts panel (Also Chair), MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Arts and Activism" (Cincinnati, OH), 2017


Sleeping Through the Apocalypse: John Locke, William Blake’s Jerusalem, and the Somnambulistic, Hypnagogiac Logic of the Romantic Imagination

Illustrated Texts panel (Also Chair), MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Border States" (St. Louis, MO), 2016


It’s Not a Mess, It’s Creativity!

Faculty Lecture, Columbia College (Chicago, IL), 2015


The Scientization of Creativity

The Sciences & Creative Writing panel, MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Arts & Sciences" (Columbus, OH), 2015


The Calculus Controversy and An Unlikely, Aesthetic Outcome

English Lit Before 1800 panel, MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Arts & Sciences" (Columbus, OH), 2015


"If You Brand Too Deep, The Worms Will Get In": Inhabiting, Crossing-Over & Crossing-Out Textual Space in Crispin Glover’s/W.M. Baker’s Novel(s), Oak-Mot (1828 & 1989)

Illustrated Texts panel (also Chair), MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference "Arts & Sciences" (Columbus, OH), 2015


William Blake’s Bounding Line "Gath’ring Thick" (PechaKucha 20x20 Presentation)

Center for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Indiana University/Bloomington, 2014


"Ever Building Amidst the Ruins": The Manufacture of Art and the Revival of a New City

The Lives of Cities. MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference (Detroit), 2014


Bounding Through the Picto/Poetic Art of William Blake

Art & Artifice. MMLA/Interdisciplinary Conference (Milwaukee), 2013


19c Scientific Illustration and Narrative Space: A New Species of Scientific Aesthetics

Collaboration/Co-Presentation with Sarah Hopfer

Species, Space & Imagination of the Global. ASLE Interdisciplinary Conference. Indiana University/Bloomington, 2011


"Illuminating the Ecstatic": William Blake’s "Unscientific & Irregular Eccentricity"

Communicating Forms: Aesthetics, Relationality, Collaboration. University of Chicago English Literature Annual Conference, 2010



The Scientization of Creativity

Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association (JMMLA): "Border States." Ed. Jason Arthur, Rockhurst University, Spring 2017


The Science of Life as Art+Dissent: Blake and Epigenesist Poetics

Lady Science: “Series on Fascism, Gender, and Science.” Eds. Anna Reser, Leila A. McNeill, and Nathan Kapoor, Spring 2017


#ntwrkd-phd: Plugging-In PhDs to Networks Outside the Academy

MLA Commons: Connected Academics (Online: connect.commons.mla.org). Ed. Nicky Agate, Managing Editor, MLA Commons, 2015


Continue to scroll down to see my #alt-ac/service

_#alt-ac + Select Service Opportunities

Eighteenth-Century Literature+Art History  |  Creativity Studies  |  Digital Humanities

“You would be crazy for ever questioning the credibility of this professor's teaching. He's truly a great person that cares about his students and has changed my writing abilities for the better. He didn't see me as just another student, but rather made everyone in the class feel like we were special in more ways than one. Honestly would love to take a class with him again.”


-UCWR 110 (008) Student Evaluation (Loyola, 2017)

“Group work was challenging and I think he purposefully put us in groups that WOULD challenge us, which I hate to admit but it made me a stronger group member and/or leader/listener.”


-21-3542 Creative Strategies Student Evaluation (Columbia, 2016)

“Loved this class and the professor. Extremely committed to students as individuals and to the class as a whole. Made students feel respected and wanted everybody to succeed.”


-UCWR 110 (045) Student Evaluation (Loyola, 2016)

Chair of Illustrated Texts Permanent Section, The Midwest Modern Language Association Interdisciplinary conference "Arts+Activism" (Cincinnati, OH 2017), "Border States" (St. Louis, MO 2016),  and "Arts & Sciences" (Columbus, OH 2015).


Rebrand/Redesign of The Midwest Modern Language Association and its Journal (JMMLA) with the guidance of former MMLA presidents, Profs. Andrea Kaston Tange (EMU) and Sam Cohen (U Missouri), 2014-15


Co-organized event, with Jonathan Vickers (IU Cinema), featuring Crispin Hellion Glover, his incomplete It trilogy (film) and Big Slide Show (dramatic performance of his eight books). Indiana University/IU Cinema, 2013


Photo Editor/Compositor, Oxford University Press/New York, 2011 (freelance)

Dror Wahrman, Mr. Collier’s Letter Racks: A Tale of Art & Illusion at the Threshold of the Modern Information Age,  2012 (ISBN 978-0-19-973886-1)


Graduate Student Representative for Search Committee Events for Digital Rhetoric Faculty, 2013


Marketing (print, web, PR) for (IU) College of Arts and Humanities Institute (CAHI). Jonathan Elmer, Director, 2013


Marketing (print and web PR/design) for (IU) Masters Classes in the Humanities / The Art of Interpretation. Events featured: T.J. Clark, Marina Warner, David Wellbery, Lorraine Daston, Catherine Gallagher, Tom Gunning, Jonathan Spence, Carlo Ginzberg. Conveners: Michel Chaouli [IU Germanic Studies], Dror Wahrman [IU History]. 2011-12


Marketing (print and web PR/design) for (IU) Department of English. Jonathan Elmer, Chair, 2010-12



_Select Non-Academic Employment (Advertising/Marketing)

Sr. Graphic Designer, University Marketing+Communication, Loyola University Chicago, 2014-2015


Sr. Creative Director (Copy/Art), Leo Burnett/ARC Worldwide/Chicago (Advertising/Marketing), 2012, 2013, 2014

Clients: McDonald’s, Coca-Cola Company (Diet Coke, Sprite and portfolio marketing), MillerCoors, Bridgestone


Vice President Creative Services (Copy/Art), Upshot/Chicago (Advertising/Marketing), 2007-08

Sr. Creative Director (Copy), 2004-07 / Art Director, 1998-1999

Clients: Miller Brewing Co., Finish Line, Kraft, Procter & Gamble, Tremor, Disney Vacation Club, SBC Wireless (Cingular), Seagrams/Diageo, Sony

Continue to scroll down

©2018 Christopher Martiniano. Images courtesy of blakearchive.org